国产偷拍视频Nothing testifies to the grandness of an endeavor than a multigenerational effort of passing values down to the next torchbearers. And in the case of IWP supporter Richard Zakrzewski (11 November 1919-21 March 2013), who has just passed away, the method of transmission was The Institute of World Politics. Our school reflects his values, methods, goals, and hopes for the United States and the world, including his Old Country, Poland.
Mr. Zakrzewski was born in Lwów, Poland (currently Ukraine). He studied engineering at the Lwów University. He was also an altar boy, a boy scout, and a student activist.
国产偷拍视频In September 1939, when Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia attacked Poland, he promptly volunteered for service and took to the field. His small squad of friends was captured first by Ukrainian nationalists and then by the Communists, but the young people managed to extricate themselves from their clutches each time. They broke out of jail and crossed into neutral Romania, where they were immediately interned. Soon they fled from the internment camp to Yugoslavia and Greece. There they stowed away on a ship which took them to France, where they rejoined the Polish Army. Mr. Zakrzewski subsequently fought at Narvik, Norway, in April 1940, and, afterwards, was shipped back to France to face the German blitzkrieg once again.
国产偷拍视频The French surrendered, but his Polish regiment fought on. Later it was dissolved with orders to head for England in small groups. Taken prisoner, he and his friends disabled the guards and escaped into unoccupied France. There they procured a yacht and sailed for Gibraltar. None really knew how to sail. Shipwrecked in a ferocious storm not far away from the British enclave, they were apprehended by the White Spaniards, who–to the great fury of the Poles–took them for Communists and imprisoned them at the infamous Miranda del Ebro camp. After several escape attempts and a lengthy hunger strike, combined with Allied diplomacy and military success against the Axis, Madrid finally released the captives who traveled through Portugal to England, where Mr. Zakrzewski joined the Royal Air Force bomber command’s Polish-wing (304 Polish RAF Squadron) in January 1943. Until the end of the war, he chased U-boats around the Atlantic, most frequently in the Bay of Biscay.
Whether on the march, in jail, in camp, or in combat, Mr. Zakrzewski continued his studies. In between flying sorties, he attended the Polish University in Exile and the Royal Institute of Technology. He graduated with a graduate engineering degree from both. His specialty was optical engineering. Meanwhile, he also pursued his political activism. As an émigré youth leader, right after the war he set out to organize Polish students around Western Europe and arranged for scholarships for them at Catholic universities, most notably in Belgium. Education was always extremely important to him.
Richard came to the United States from Great Britain in 1949. He worked on projects pertaining to national security, including the hydrogen bomb’s nuclear trigger and spy satellites. His last national security assignment was the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), in particular the mirror project of “Star Wars,” which he led. He held a number of engineering patents, and penned numerous scholarly papers on engineering issues.
Mr. Zakrzewski was a movement conservative and a community organizer long before it became fashionable. To address the needs of San Francisco Bay Area citizens, he founded the Polish American Federal Credit Union in 1974. He was elected president of the Polish American Congress’ Northern California Chapter. Richard created and ran several charities, including the Thaddeus Ungar Foundation. He was a published author and a pundit on conservative American and Polish issues. He supported the dissident movement and “Solidarity” in Poland. Last but not least, he was a practitioner of public diplomacy par excellence. His charitable activities involved him deeply in the post-Soviet zone as far afield as Kazakhstan.
国产偷拍视频Both Mr. Zakrzewski’s grandfather and father were killed by the Soviets: in 1937 and 1939, respectively. His mother died in the Gulag in 1941. He is survived by his wife Sophia (nee Witwicka), seven children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren.
A longtime donor to IWP, Mr. Zakrzewski was a close friend and a California neighbor of Professor and Mrs. George Lenczowski, the parents of the founder and president of The Institute of World Politics, Dr. John Lenczowski. Further, he was the foster father of IWP’s Dr. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz. RIP.
Services for the repose of Mr. Zakrzewski’s soul will be held in Warsaw on March 27, San Francisco on April 6, and .